cali

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Santiago de Cali (Spanish pronunciation: [sanˈtjaɣo ðe ˈkali]), or Cali, is the capital of the Valle del Cauca department, and the most populous city in southwest Colombia, with 2,227,642 residents according to the 2018 census. The city spans 560.3 km2 (216.3 sq mi) with 120.9 km2 (46.7 sq mi) of urban area, making Cali the second-largest city in the country by area and the third most populous. As the only major Colombian city with access to the Pacific Coast, Cali is the main urban and economic center in the south of the country, and has one of Colombia's fastest-growing economies. The city was founded on 25 July 1536 by the Spanish explorer Sebastián de Belalcázar.

Cali is also a center for sports in Colombia, and is the only Colombian city to have hosted the Pan American Games. It hosted the 1992 World Wrestling Championships, the ninth edition of the World Games in 2013, the UCI Track Cycling World Championships in 2014 and the World Youth Championships in Athletics in 2015. The city is to host the first ever Junior Pan American Games in 2021.

Cali is the shortened form of the official name of the city: Santiago de Cali. "Santiago" honours Saint James whose feast day is celebrated on the 25th of July. The origin of the word "Cali" comes from the local Amerindians the "Calima".

Before the arrival of the Spaniards, the region was inhabited by indigenous tribes, mostly speakers of Cariban languages. In the region between the Cauca River and the Western Cordillera, the Gorrones established themselves between the present day Roldanillo and Santiago de Cali. The biggest town of the Morrones was sited on the River Pescador near the present-day towns of Zarzal and Bugalagrande. The Morrones traded with the Quimbayas who inhabited the north of the Valle del Cauca.

On his way to Cali, Sebastián de Belalcázar first met the Timbas who ran away before the arrival of the men, leaving behind gold. After the Timbas, towards the north, the Spaniards entered the territory of the chief Jamundí and his tribe, the Jamundíes, between the rivers Pance and Jamundí. This tribe offered a strong resistance to the invaders, fighting with poisonous darts and arrows against the arquebuses and swords of the Spaniards. Eventually, the Spanish prevailed in the struggle over the central valley.

Before taking control over the region, the Spaniards had to defeat the chief Petecuy, whose tribe inhabited the area between the river Lilí and the Western Cordillera. Petecuy formed a large army with many tribes and fought the Spaniards on Holy Tuesday of 1536. The natives lost to the Spaniards and the region was divided in encomiendas.

Santiago de Cali was important for Belalcázar because it was outside the Inca empire. After the capture and execution of the Inca Atahualpa at Cajamarca, Francisco Pizarro had sent Belalcázar to take possession of Guayaquil and Quito on his behalf, but Cali, being outside the Quechua empire, was claimed by Belalcazar as his own territory. After his death, his descendants maintained possession of much of the land until the war of independence against Spain.

The founder of Cali, Sebastián de Belalcázar, came to the American continent in the third voyage made by Columbus in 1498. In 1532, after serving in Darién and Nicaragua, he joined Francisco Pizarro in the conquest of Perú. In 1534, Belalcázar separated from Pizarro's expedition to find the city of Quito, and later in his search of El Dorado he entered the territory of what is now Colombia, founding the cities of Pasto and Popayán.

Belalcázar founded Santiago de Cali on 25 July 1536, a few kilometres north of its present location, near what are now the towns of Vijes and Riofrío. Under the orders of Belalcázar, captain Miguel Muñoz moved the city to its present location in 1537, where the chaplain Brother Santos de Añasco celebrated a mass in the place occupied by the Church La Merced today, and Belalcázar designated Pedro de Ayala as the first municipal authority.

During the Colonia (colonial period), Santiago de Cali was part of the gobernación of Popayán, which was part of Quito's Audiencia. Although initially Cali was the capital of Popayán's gobernación, Belalcázar moved this function to Popayán in 1540, owing to "better" weather there.

Until the 18th century most of the territory of what is now Santiago de Cali was occupied by haciendas (cattle farms and plantations of food, with some sugar cane), and the city was only a small town near the Cali River. In 1793, Santiago de Cali had 6,548 inhabitants, 1,106 of whom were (African) slaves. The haciendas were the property of the dominant noble class with many slaves dedicated mostly to stockbreeding and raising sugar cane crops. Many of these haciendas became zone of the present city like Cañaveralejo, Chipichape, Pasoancho, Arroyohondo, Cañasgordas, Limonar and Meléndez. Santiago de Cali was strategically positioned for trade, centrally located in relation to the mining regions of Antioquia, Chocó, and Popayán. The first trail for mules and horses between Santiago de Cali and the port of Buenaventura was completed in the colonial period.

On 3 July 1810, Santiago de Cali refused to recognize the Council of Regency of Spain, and established its own junta. This local uprising predates the national one in Bogotá by 17 days. The Governor of Popayán, Miguel Tacón organized an army to control the uprising. The people from Cali called for help to the "Junta Suprema" in Bogotá, which sent a contingent under colonel Antonio Baraya to support the independence cause. For mutual defense, Cali also formed, with Anserma, Cartago, Toro, Buga and Caloto, the Confederated cities of the Cauca Valley, which declared independence from the Governorate of Popayán on 1 February 1811, although they continued to recognize the absent Ferdinand VII as their head of state. On 28 March 1811 in the battle of Bajo Palacé, the first in Colombia's Independence, the royalist Spanish army was defeated by the revolutionary army commanded by colonel Antonio Baraya with a detachment of 120 soldiers from his native Cundinamarca and a huge garrison of 1.080 men from Valle del Cauca led by brothers Miguel and Francisco Cabal Barona.

In the following years there were many battles between royalists and local militia. After having been released from captivity by Napoleon, Ferdinand VII sent a large army under the command of the "Pacificador" (Pacifier) Pablo Morillo who restored royalist rule in the area by 1816.

In 1819 after Simón Bolívar defeated the bulk of the royalist army in the Battle of Boyacá, there were new uprisings in the Valle del Cauca and the Criollos took control permanently. In 1822 Bolívar arrived in Santiago de Cali. The city was an important military outpost and the region contributed many men to the war of independence that liberated the nations in the south.

In the 19th century Cali, capital of the Valley of the Cauca department, was a quiet community with no more than 20,000 inhabitants. The urban center of the city was around the neighborhoods of Altozano and San Antonio.

Outside the city there were mango plantations, pastures and communal land that were transferred from the Spanish Crown to the working classes. From the market gardens on this land the city was supplied with food. The economy centered around livestock, sugar cane, panela (jaggery; a sugar derivative), cheese and gold mined in the Pacific. There was also a growing industrial and financial sector.

Jewish entrepreneurs came during the 18th and 19th centuries and achieved prominent positions in the city. Some married local women and felt they had to diminish or abandon their identity. These included the De Lima, Salazar, Espinoza, Arias, Ramirez, Perez and Lobo families from the Caribbean, as well as the author Jorge Isaacs of English Jewish ancestry, and the industrialist James Martin Eder (who adopted the more Christian name of Santiago Eder when he translated his name to Spanish) born into the Latvian Jewish community. Over the generations most of their descendants were raised as secular Christians.

Around 1890 the Company of Public Works of Cauca, a private venture, built the market plaza. This spurred commercial development and it transformed into the Plaza Mayor or Plaza de Caycedo. In 1921, the market was sold to the Cali municipality. Very close to the 9th street was the principal station of the tranvia of Cali, a system of public transportation that linked the city with suburban areas.

On 7 August 1956 at around 1 a.m., seven Colombian army trucks filled with 42 tons of dynamite exploded near the train station, destroying eight city blocks. The nearby army barracks was instantly destroyed. Windows were shattered for miles. More than 1,000 people were killed and several thousand injured (see Cali explosion). The following year, the government decided to organize a fair in order to lift up the spirits of citizens as well as generate economic reactivation, which came to be known as the Cali Fair.

In 1971, Santiago de Cali hosted the Pan American Games, an event which is considered by many as the height of the city's golden age as a model of civic orderliness: following it, Cali was named the Sports Capital of Colombia. In 1982, the government of Cali inaugurated what is now the city's largest building and the third-largest in the Republic of Colombia—"La Torre de Cali", or The Cali Tower. It stands 42 stories tall and houses a hotel, offices and apartment complexes.

Cali became a focus center of the 2021 Colombian protests, which started on 28 April 2021. While most demonstrations held in the city were peaceful, there was also strong rioting, looting, and clashes between protesters and police officers. The statue of Spanish conquistador and founder of the city Sebastián de Belalcázar was torn down by Misak protesters, while several buses and stations of the mass transit system MIO were vandalized and burned, causing the MIO network to be destroyed by 60%. Reports of multiple human rights violations and police abuse in the city were received by organizations such as Human Rights Watch. During the night and early morning of 3 May 2021, 5 people died and 33 were injured due to clashes between protesters and the police and ESMAD in the city. In the Siloé neighborhood, a peaceful demonstration was violently broken up by members of the public force, with that sector being also affected by an unexpected internet crash, which occurred twice on 4 and 5 May.

Cali is located on the Cauca Valley to the west of the Cauca River and to the east of the Western Mountain Range near the hills known as Farallones de Cali. The city rests approximately 1,000 metres (3,281 feet) above sea level. Approximately 100 kilometres (62 miles) west of Cali and over the Western Cordillera, lies the port city of Buenaventura on the Colombian Pacific coast. To the northeast are the manufacturing center of Yumbo and Cali's international airport, the Alfonso Bonilla Aragón (CLO). It is Colombia's third-largest airport in terms of passengers, transporting 2,667,526 in 2009.

Santiago de Cali is located in a valley. The city is completely bordered by mountains to the West; the Farallones de Cali mountains are the closest to the city. The Eastern part of the city is bordered by the Cauca River. To the north and south are extended plains. In the first one you can find the industrial city of Yumbo which is part of Cali's metropolitan area, to the south you can find Jamundí, also part of the metropolitan area. The city is mainly flat, but there are areas mostly to the west that are mountainous, like San Antonio and La loma de la Cruz, which are both tourist sites. There are several rivers that descend from the Western Mountain Range and empty into the Cauca River, passing through the metropolitan area of Cali. In the western part of the city the Aguacatal River flows into the Cali River, which continues on to the Cauca River. In the south the rivers Cañaveralejo, Lilí, and Meléndez flow into the CVC south channel which also empties into the Cauca River. Farther south, the banks of the Pance River are a popular place for recreation and leisure.

Under Köppen's climate classification, Cali features a dry-summer tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification: As). The Western Mountain Range rises from an average of 2,000 m (6,562 ft) above sea level in the northern part of the city to approximately 4,000 m (13,123 ft) to the south. Because of this variation in altitude, the weather in the northwest portion of the city is drier than in the southwest. The average annual precipitation varies between 900 to 1,800 mm (35 to 71 in) depending on the metropolitan zone for a citywide average of approximately 1,000 mm (39 in). Cali's average temperature is 25 °C (77 °F) with an average low temperature of 18.5 °C (65 °F) and a high of 31 °C (88 °F).

Owing to its proximity to the equator, there are no major seasonal variations in Cali like winter, spring, summer and fall. However, locals refer to the dry season as the city's "summer", in which temperatures can rise to 34 to 36 °C (93 to 97 °F) and go down to 18 to 19 °C (64 to 66 °F) at night. During the rainy season (or "winter") temperatures can rise to 28 to 29 °C (82 to 84 °F) and go down to 16 to 17 °C (61 to 63 °F) at night. There are typically two rainy seasons: from March to May and from October to November. However, rain can be expected to fall at any point during the year, nourishing the city's permanent green and lush vegetation. The highest temperature ever recorded was 36.6 °C (98 °F) in July 1997, and the lowest temperature ever recorded was 13.4 °C (56 °F) in August 1978.

Santiago de Cali offers historical areas with cultural variety and other attractions. In downtown Cali there are many historic churches such as La Merced and La Ermita. Cali contains a well-preserved historical center. The most important zone is La plaza de Cayzedo, considered the center of the city, which is a square surrounded by many historical and modern buildings like El edificio Otero, La Catedral and El Palacio de Justicia. This plaza is close to other tourist places, like The Saint Francis church (in Spanish, Iglesia de San Francisco), the municipal theater and La Merced church. The city is also rich in monuments, parks, squares and museums. The most emblematic sculptures are Cristo Rey, located upon a mountain range; Sebastian de Belalcazar, founder of the city; and Las tres Cruces, a place of pilgrimage during the days of the Holy Week.

Main touristic centers:

According to recent Lonely Planet guides of Colombia, Cali has recently become famous for being a prime destination for people seeking cheap cosmetic surgery and aesthetician centers. The city is very well known as The Capital of the Plastic Surgeries. There have been no significant reports of problems in this area, but Lonely Planet advises proper research before pursuing such an idea. About 50,000 cosmetic surgery procedures occurred in Cali in 2010, of which around 14,000 involved patients from abroad.

Santiago de Cali is served by Alfonso Bonilla Aragón International Airport (IATA: CLO, ICAO: SKCL), located in the City of Palmira. It is Colombia's third largest airport in terms of passengers (transporting 3,422,919 in 2010) and fourth in cargo. Alfonso Bonilla Aragón is located in a long, narrow valley that runs from north to south, and is surrounded by mountains up to 14,000 feet (4,300 m) high. The airport is connected to the city by a highway known as the "recta a Palmira", that in the last few years has been upgraded to make the airport more accessible to Cali and the surrounding city centers in the region. The airport has also been remodeled recently; some of the last significant events in those terms were the inauguration of the VIP room in the National terminal and the installation of a main electronic screen in the center of the check-in area.

The Marco Fidel Suárez Air Base is a military airport close to the city's downtown. It is located in the east side of the city and belongs to the Colombian Air Force. It is used as one of the main training centers for the country's fighter pilots.

The city of Cali offers a variety of ways to move through the city; in March 2009, The Masivo Integrado de Occidente (MIO) began operations. It is planned to be the primary system that connects the city. Taxis and old buses are the secondary way to get around. Taxis are one of the best systems that tourists can use, as they are relatively inexpensive and are more secure. Non-MIO buses round out the system and are used primarily by the working class to get around and are less expensive to use. Buses are secure but not at the same level as taxis. This part of the transport in the city is awaiting a needed reorganization of routes.

Masivo Integrado de Occidente (MIO): It is a bus rapid transit system of articulated buses that run on dedicated bus lanes in the middle of major thoroughfares, with stations connected to sidewalks by dedicated pedestrian crossings or bridges. The system layout is 243 kilometres (151 miles) distributed in trunk, pre-trunk and complementary corridors. The system also integrated the renovation and recuperation of the public space. The MIO system was not only designed for the public transport, but built for public use with extensive new sidewalks, parks, gardens and public squares for the public to enjoy.

The system also includes a cable car line named MÍO Cable, which is fully integrated with the MIO network and directly serves the residents of the Siloé district.

List of the Trunk or principal corridors:

More information about El MIO is in the official web site of Metrocali.

Cali is served by over 20 coach companies which gather in the Central Bus Station. The Station is centrally located near the old (now redundant) railway station, which serves now as Metrocali's headquarters. Depending on the company and the destination, the vehicles range from minibuses to large coaches. Recently, in their last float renovation wave, Colombian coaches operators have opted for Brazil's Marcopolo buses. Informal stops exist for the short destination rides all along the way from Central Station to the town of destination. In some cases, it is enough for a passenger to ask to get off the bus for the bus to stop.

The average amount of time people spend commuting with public transit in Cali, for example to and from work, on a weekday is 88 min. 23% of public transit riders, ride for more than 2 hours every day. The average amount of time people wait at a stop or station for public transit is 21 min, while 43% of riders wait for over 20 minutes on average every day. The average distance people usually ride in a single trip with public transit is 5.6 km, while 3% travel for over 12 km in a single direction.

Cali and Valle del Cauca constitute the third largest center national and international economic exchange in Colombia. The city is an important stop on way to Ecuador, and is connected with the world through the seaport of Buenaventura.

The economic transformation of Cali and the Valle del Cauca during the twentieth century and its crisis of the century, and the outlook to the new century have been the subject of deep analysis of financial and academic institutions. This section is based on the analysis and recommendations of the report Cali Colombia – Toward a City Development and Strategy published by the World Bank in 2002, and the Regional Economic Situation Reports (ICER) published quarterly by the DANE.

Traditionally, Cali and the department have been space farm, the same as during the colonial times out with the mines, production shaft. In the early twentieth century the city's economy was concentrated in the production of sugar, based on an agricultural model in which large tracts of land were cultivated with minimum use of labor. As a result, a few families owned vast areas of land in one of the most fertile regions of the country. This was an important factor in determining the power relations and the organization of the city through the twentieth century.

In the period 1910–1930, the city's economy shifted its focus from an agricultural model to become a commercial node at the national level through the development of basic infrastructure such as construction of the railway to Buenaventura and the creation of the department of Valle del Cauca with Cali designated as its capital.

Although the industrial vallecaucana revolution of Cali did not begin until the third decade of the twentieth century, some companies had already begun to build the industrial development of the region, as the printing company Carvajal y Cia (which began operations in 1904). In 1929 there is the creation of Soap Varela Hermanos, in the 1930s other industries begin to grow as large scale factories of gas and beer, printing and cigarettes. Smaller companies also appeared focusing on textile clothing, chemicals, chocolates, building materials, leather articles and furniture.

In 1940, Cali had already ceased to be a single point of trade and its economy was focused on industry. A few years before the decade began a major investment of foreign capital led to the establishment of many factories and local business grew to multinational corporations; as Croydon in 1937, Cementos del Valle in 1939, and Carton Colombia in 1941; Goodyear and Colgate-Palmolive came from the US in 1941. Later came other corporations like General CEAT (Centelsa) in 1955, and pharmaceutical laboratories were based in the Cauca Valley between 1940 and 1960, as Tecnoquímicas and Baxter.

The flourishing industrial city attracted waves of immigration in the 1950s and 1960s. In these decades there were important partnerships between the public and private sectors, as productive sector support to programs of business administration at the University of Valle. The growth of the University training professionals and technologists, as well as infrastructure development, were crucial for the further development of industry and trade in the Valle del Cauca. This trend continued in the 1970s and early years of the next decade. Public investment in infrastructure reached significant levels benefiting not only the production sector but also the growing population, this made Cali and Valle del Cauca models further development across the country.

In 1998, when the economic crisis became apparent, the national government could not respond to the call of the local politicians and mayors had to introduce austerity measures under pressure from creditors, which caused the vallecaucano development model to collapse. Additionally, the tightening of the country's internal conflict required a tax increase aimed at national war spending, leaving less room for local governments to collect, through taxes, the money required for their development plans.

According to statistics by DANE, in 1995 the annual growth of GDP of the Valle del Cauca region was almost twice the national rate. For 1997, GDP increased marginally vallecaucano even 1%. In 1999 the country's economic recession was felt with a depression that made the economy were reduced showing GDP growth of 4%. Since then GDP has grown Valley ups and downs, but its percentage share nationwide has been falling since 1995 as shown in the graph.

The department contributes significantly to the national economy. According to statistics for the year 2005 as agricultural Valley contributes 5.37% of the national production, which is relatively low compared with Antioquia (15.48%) or Cundinamarca (12.81%). In fisheries products, the region ranks first with vallecaucana contributing 36% of the country's total production. As for mining, the Valley is not a metal region; however, in terms of non-metallic minerals the department contributes 8.15% of the value added across Colombia.

The industry vallecaucana contributes 13.81% of the national value added, second only to Bogotá with a 25.39% and 18.20% with Antioquia. Particularly, the industries of food, beverages and snuff are important items of the Valley's economy contributing 16% of national value added, equaled or surpassed only by Antioquia and Bogotá. On trade, nationally Bogotá has a 32.22%, 13.25% Antioquia and Valle 11.34%. In the Valley transportation services has 12.52% of value added.

The Consumer Price Index (IPC) of Cali has been since the last decade one of the lowest among Colombian cities. About 78% of Cali's people are of working age (over 18 years). In 2005 for the first time in six years the city presented an occupancy rate above 60%, which confirms the good state of the economy, led primarily by growth in manufacturing, agriculture and trade among others.

Drogas La Rebaja, one of Colombia's largest pharmacy store chains, is based in Cali. Banco de Occidente,A Grupo Aval company, has head office in cali.

Cali had a murder rate of 66.4 per 100,000 inhabitants in 2014; this fell to 51.5 per 100,000 inhabitants in 2017. In 2006 the budget for security in Medellín was more than four times higher than in Cali, and in Bogota (which is 3.5 times more populous) the budget was more than seven times higher.[citation needed]

Between 1 January and 1 December 2011 there were 1870 intentional homicides in the municipality of Cali, which is considered a 5% increase compared to 2010. The surge in violence in Cali in 2011 has partly been attributed to what has been described as an ongoing 'mafia war' between the 'neo-paramilitary' groups Los Rastrojos and Los Urabeños, both involved in drug trafficking. Los Rastrojos are considered the 'heirs' of the Cali Cartel and Los Urabeños have their roots in Colombia's coast. Los Rastrojos are accused of committing at least 80 murders in Cali in 2011. According to Colombia's most influential weekly magazine, Semana, there are over 1,700 assassins working for various groups in the city. 3.8 percent of street addresses account for 100 percent of homicides.

During 2012, there was a decrease in homicides, with 24 cases fewer than for the same period last year, and there were 294 fewer people injured, which means a reduction of 8% from a year previous. There were 323 fewer car thefts, i.e. a decrease of 21% over the same period of 2011. There were 152 fewer residential burglaries, which means a reduction of 17% from the same period of 2011. There was also strengthening in technology citywide by the installation of 254 security cameras.

Cali is governed by a mayor who is elected for a four-year term. Under the mayor, there are several administrative departments and secretaries. Mayor's elections started in 1986, followed by Governors' in 1992. Before these dates, all Colombian regional executive-branch leaders were appointed by the President himself. The first elected mayor was Carlos Holmes Trujillo of the Liberal Party. Unlike other Colombian cities, Cali has not properly adapted to the quite new Mayor's election system. The city has had some unsuccessful stories with some of its elected mayors, two of them being removed from office. Some argue this is caused by Aguablanca's huge mass population often driven to vote based in small short-termed gifts from populist candidates fully aware of this District needs, but this is not more than a popular misconceptions. There were recorded cases of candidates giving bricks, cement and other stuff to the District's leaders in exchange for shifting votes to their campaigns.

The City Council is composed of 21 members, elected by citywide circumscription for four-year terms. There is no relation between the number of City Counselors and the number of 'comunas' of the city, which is a merely administrative division created to facilitate the city's management.

Cali has some decentralized agencies; the most important being:

A large part of the population relies on the public educational system, which is underfunded and in some cases improperly managed. Schools are under municipal or departmental management, the former being the most common. The Municipal Secretary of Education manages a large part of the city's budget, which has brought some politicians to try to control it as their personal organization.

The city is endowed with the most sophisticated and high-quality secondary education institutions and universities in the region. Most universities are located in the south part of the city. Among the most prestigious are University of Valle (Public), Pontificia Universidad Javeriana (Private), and Universidad Icesi (Private).

La "Feria de Cali" (The Cali Fair), also known as La Feria de la Caña (Sugar Cane Fair), is the main cultural event in the city celebrated since 1957. It is celebrated from the 25th to the 30th of December every year. The Fair is not only the most important event for the cultural identity of the citizens, but it also boosts the economical development of the city by significantly increasing tourism and seasonal jobs, opportunities for independent merchants to sell their products during the events, and stimulating the improvement of the city's infrastructure. Nowadays, the fair features multiple national and international celebrities during the music festivals and concerts.

On August 7, 1965, a huge explosion in Cali destroyed most of the city's infrastructure and many lives were lost, leaving the city in an economic recession. The next year, the government coordinated a fair as an opportunity to celebrate the overcome of this tragedy and reactive the economy. The first fair lasted 40 days and was a success. Many people were able to sell handmade goods throughout the celebration of the events. The fair started growing every year, and the city's economy boosted around the time of the fair. Overtime, it became the most important cultural and economic event of the year.

In the 1980s decade, Salsa singers and dancers became a popular part of the fair. This genre became the symbol of the city, with the Salsodromo (Salsa Marathon) being the most popular event of the fair, in which one of the main roads of the city (Avenida Roosevelt or Roosevelt Avenue) is closed for a parade of over a thousand Salsa dancers from the best Salsa schools in the city. Nowadays, Cali is known as La Capital de la Salsa (Salsa's Capital).

Cali is also known as the Salsa Capital "Capital de la Salsa" given the city's love for that genre of music. In early July there is the Summer Salsa Festival which lasts for one week. It usually includes concerts by some of the world's great salsa bands as well as dance shows and "melomano" competitions in which salsa connoisseurs try to outdo each other by digging deep into the archives of salsa music and related sounds to find and reveal long lost tunes. On any night of the week small salsa clubs offer a variety of Afro and Caribbean beats. Furthermore, the last Friday of every month, the city has an event known as "Delirio", already internationally known with the most spectacular salsa shows presented, "Las Vegas" style. It has become a very important attraction for tourists to visit the city.

At a professional level, Cali hosts only football teams. At the amateur level there are Basketball, Football, Volleyball, and other sports. Nationally, Cali's athletes compete with Bogotá's and Medellín's in most sport tournaments and championships.

Cali has two main athletic events, a mid-year half marathon ½ Maraton de Cali and a December 10k race called Carrera del Río Cali.

Santiago de Cali is recognized as the sports capital of Colombia. It is the first Colombian city to have hosted the Pan American Games (see 1971 Pan American Games), and has also won the National Olympic Games more than any other region in Colombia. The city also counts with one of the most developed sport infrastructures in the country. Many sporting events have taken place in the city.

Cali has one football stadium: Estadio Olímpico Pascual Guerrero, which is currently home of América de Cali, Atlético F.C., and Boca Juniors de Cali, and was home of Deportivo Cali until 2015 when they moved to Estadio Deportivo Cali, located in nearby Palmira. Deportivo Cali is the only Colombian football club that owns its stadium, since all other football stadiums in Colombia are government-owned. Other important places of sporting activity in the city are "Coliseo El Pueblo", a covered arena center used for all types of events which hosted the 2016 FIFA Futsal World Cup, and Coliseo Evangelista Mora, mainly used for basketball. Cali will host the inaugural Junior Pan American Games in 2021.

Cali's infrastructure has permitted it to host several major international sports competitions such as the 1971 Pan American Games, numerous Games of the Pacific, the final phase of the 1982 World basketball championship, the 1999 World's Roller Hockey Championships, women's basketball and swimming events, Pan American Speed-Track Cycling Championships, and most recently the World's Roller Speed Skating Championships. Cali was the host city of the World Games 2013.

Santiago de Cali is home of Colombia's Deportivo Cali and América de Cali football clubs. Many well-known football players were either born in Cali or have played in one of its clubs. Willington Ortiz, Carlos Valderrama, Ántony de Ávila, Álex Escobar, Julio César Falcioni, Jorge Orosmán da Silva, Jorge Bermúdez, Giovanni Hernández, Hugo Rodallega, Mario Yepes, Faryd Mondragón, Adolfo Valencia, and Óscar Córdoba are a sample of them.

According to CONMEBOL, América ranks 2nd and Deportivo Cali 3rd in the Colombian national ranking, which ranks itself 3rd in the CONMEBOL ranking. América was ranked as the world's 2nd best club in 1996 by the IFFHS (International Federation of Football History & Statistics) and 35th in the All-Time Club World Ranking of the IFFHS. Cali is the Colombian city having hosted the most Colombian first division finals, with 40 matches being played in the stadium. América has won 14 titles, and has been runner-up 7 times. Deportivo Cali has won 9 titles and ended as runner-up 14 times. They have played finals against each other three times. In the early 1950s, current second-tier team Boca Juniors lost two finals.

Though there is no current basketball team that calls Santiago de Cali home, basketball is the second-most played sport in the city. Basketball is a preferred sport at the city center location "La Carrera del Cholado". Football still surpasses basketball in sport popularity. Bullfighting is staged during the Cali Fair which is held in December. It is anticipated by many citizens in Cali, as well as by many people in all Colombia. The bullfighting ring is called Plaza de Toros de Cañaveralejo, with a capacity of 16,000 and located in the southwest of the city.

Rugby, tennis, swimming, archery, and ultimate are also played in Cali. The IAAF World Youth Championships in Athletics was hosted in Cali in July 2015. Cali also hosted the 2015 Underwater Rugby World Cup.

Tres Cruces Hill

San Fernando church interior

(Library) Biblioteca departamental Jorge Garcés Borrero

Western Cali, looking Cristo Rey Hill

Cali river

Skyline picture taken from Cristo Rey Hill

@BrocqChristine Exactly my thoughts, that would ruin your life if you hit her 😢
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@aleeyun_nvaazun The people who vote have only chosen 7 republican reps out of 52. There is no way that 45 seats w…
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Can’t wait 2 hit dem Cali streeetsss
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I’m taking myself to Cali for my birthday. Not letting anything stop me
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@iamajax @CAM373737 @MattersRepublic @mikemcbride0257 @333Popeye3 @RosaleeAdams @EcgoLC @demsrdopes @Randal68052371…
0
Bogotá, Medellín y Cali: ¿qué está pasando con los alcaldes alternativos?
347
Cali, el experimento chavista
799
Para ⁦@jarizabaletaf⁩ “Hoy Cali es una pequeña Caracas, llena de inseguridad, pobreza y corrupción.” ¿Qué piensan u…
642
If you’re an artist and your pals will spend 70 on a 3.5 of Cali but not buy at least 5 copies of your CD to gift t…
363
En Cali charlando con jóvenes me convenzo de que la Colombia Humana el progresismo y @petrogustavo está en el coraz…
260
RT @Dimayor: 🏆 ⚽ @boca_cali cayó 1 - 2 ante @ValleduparVFC por la fecha 3 del #TorneoBetPlayDIMAYOR I - 2021 ⚽️ 🏆 📸 Algunas imágenes del…
2
RT @Pervypornaddict: Cali Carter is so beautiful
23
RT @asiaattau: Let’s dip to Cali!
1
@Canal1SanJuan1 @fichgarciapinto @NicoAgustinSLA @Encuesta5Futbol La del 77 se la gana a Ceuzeiro. Juega 3 partidos…
0
Cali la sucursal del cielo, si señores 🤦🏻‍♀️
0
@wolf_front Bunch of bros from Cali lol
0
RT @chikletO4: @ALDubFTnQT @elaineRequina2x @wengcookie @FTangco @aurora_umezawa @gluzvilla30 @epcorpuz @5fec93919a544d3 @aldubcgt1 @Jhanel…
8
Cali and osu... i feel sorry for you
0
RT @noticiassincon1: "JACUZZI MOVIL", SEGUDNA PARTE. Este es el video oficial que grabaron los 6 jóvenes en el sur de #Cali, y que causó po…
2
@MGuuz8 @Cali_UI let him know old man
0
@S4ndr4Rod Tal cual y hasta el olor, pero no hagamos tanta bulla que yo ahora vivo en Cali.🤭
0
RT @albamarinamessa: Cali, el experimento chavista 👏👏👏👏👏Excelente columna . #PesimosLosAlcaldesZurdos
15
RT @jarizabaletaf: Cali, experimento Chavista Alcalde mesiánico agresivo, concejo comité de aplauso, corrupción rampante, amenazas a opos…
1021
Cali Friday.
0
Cuántas estrellas tiene América de Cali?
0
RT @arleydeportes: Nelson Ramos, arquero de Boca Juniors de Cali, anotó gol de tiro libre por tercer partido consecutivo. Récord histórico…
21
RT @HBomb94: In Chicago, it snowed 10 inches yesterday In Cali, I’m wearing shorts. I’m so happy
26
@lindami77281989 Maybe I’ll check it on my treadmill one of these days. I’ve had other friends recommend that podcast.
0
RT @BurgartBioethix: Deadline TOMORROW (2/2/21) for #HCW and #PublicHealth experts in Cali to support vaccinating our #HighRiskCA patients…
11
@cheerUPDATES @Vixens_Cali Covid?
0
Oregan or Cali
0
#GirlTrek 👣 #BriskWalk #SelfCare #LBC #Cali
0
@phiwotjie Lemme check that E1
0
Idk where I’m going yet but I REFUSE to be in Cali for my birthday 🤷🏾‍♂️🤷🏾‍♂️
0
RT @calibareback40: QUIEN ME INVITA ACULIAR EN CALI ayer este pollo voleibolista de 21 años fui al hotel de el tenía culo apretado se me ve…
25
@JoseLuisClerc A verlos desde Cali Colombia
0
RT @corncommunist: My girlfriend made this for me for an early Valentine’s Day present 🥰🥰
11
lanciate pretendo piscine appiccicate non a km di distanza e la vasca tanto ormai li conosciamo tutti i cali di pre…
0
Kylie Jenner posting that top down pic of the $7 fast food I eat all the time in Texas is just hilarious to me 😂😂😂…
0
@jel_1957 Oh shit!
0
RT @elmermontana: Les presento al Gusano Pollo, Oruga Peluche o Gato Lanudo. Gusano venenoso oriundo de EEUU y Amer Central. Lo encontré e…
69
@DioBrandon1999 @TrafalgarLog Everyone I've seen from california either sucked balls or hated the other peopme from cali
0
RT @bluehatted: rediscovered some of my old nitw fanart
312
RT @calibareback40: QUIEN INVITA A CULIAR EN CALI HOY 31 TODA LA NOCHE OEL 1 DE ENERO me tocó 3 pollos ese día todos me chuparon la verga y…
20
Para que se hagan una idea del rescate a los bancos privados que hizo el banco de la República por 40 billones en 3…
426
Çalı bile itmiyor kendisine sığınan kuşu, denk geldiğimiz kalplere bak..
329
Los convoco a empezar a poner en cintura a los bancos, a alzar nuestra voz en las redes y las calles contra el atra…
1617
My God—look at racial breakdown of increased mortality from COVID in Cali (% = increased mortality) Latin +36% Lat…
325
RT @EmiliaDeLarge: Mi abue: ya me hablaron para vacunarme La familia preocupada por ella durante toda la pandemia porq tiene 83 años y es…
4206
RT @sinseriously: Ten years ago, a friend of my grandmother came back to Cali from Hajj and gave her dates. My gma planted one of the date…
124
En este canterano el @AsoDeporCali tendrá un muy buen prospecto de delantero al mediano y largo plazo, José Mendoza…
0
RT @BIBOCol: Investigadores de la Universidad Javeriana y la Universidad del Valle detectaron residuos de plástico, moléculas de diferentes…
2
@russ1mitchell It's funny to say cali cars can have the hardest life of sea spray to Tahoe temps at altitude with s…
0
RT @oscarmartinb: Lo mejor del teletrabajo es poder escuchar a su majestad don @marinomillan en el mejor programa deportivo de Cali @DeTaqu…
4
Lmaooooo bitchhhhh me & cali always get caught being sneaky it never fails 🤦🏾‍♀️😂😂😂😂
0
took LA outta my bio. it’s small but i left in june & haven’t been able to do it. admitting i’m not in cali & don’t…
0
RT @acrylfuchs: ᵖᵉᵉᵏ⁻ᵃ⁻ᵏᵒᵒ 💜🐰 #JUNGKOOK
10
RT @AsoDeporCali: 🎥💚🤍 ¡Un amor #PorSiempreVerdiblanco! Preparados para encarar este 2⃣0⃣2⃣1⃣. Todos juntos, glorioso Deportivo Cali. 🙌 #V…
77
RT @wilsonariasc: Los convoco a empezar a poner en cintura a los bancos, a alzar nuestra voz en las redes y las calles contra el atraco en…
924
RT @BIBOCol: Investigadores de la Universidad Javeriana y la Universidad del Valle detectaron residuos de plástico, moléculas de diferentes…
2
PUTA 3 postes
0
RT @ElizGriff2016: It’s been a hectic #whiskersWednesday but you can admire my long whiskers while I help Mama💋Cali💋 #Cats #CatsOfTwitter…
7
@JorgeIvanOspina deje el acoso a las eps de Colombia,. Son mejores que él antiguo ISS, cuál es el motivo para reviv…
0
RT @_honeybeelatte: @FeedYourGames Hello!! I’m Cali, and I mostly do OCs and commissions that end up as gifts for people’s loved ones ☺️ Ta…
2
@EternityNowhere Aww. Congrats baby boy! I'm so proud of you. If you ever decide to come to Cali. Let me know so I…
0
Jovita Feijóo representa al Cali Viejo y la cultura popular 👸🏻. Trasciende en la historia como un ícono de la fanta…
60
#LaPulla: Hablemos del alcalde Cali. Jorge Iván Ospina es una joyita por donde se le mire: ha hecho su carrera al…
1389
@alejoeder Oyeee......acéptalo, asúmelo, digiérelo, fuiste vencido, derrotado en la batalla que la democracia escog…
0
You Cali people sign the recall Gavin newsome petition???
0
RT @robertoortizu: 'La Pulla’ espacio de opinión del Diario El Espectador. Opinión basada en argumentos. En este caso tocan la realidad de…
13
@JorgeIvanOspina, @@SoyCarlosRojas, @MovilidadCali, @Caracol_Cali, @NoticiasRCN, @TuBarco, @radiocalidad,…
0
@ElGatoArceArce buena tarde cordial saludo , MARIO OCAMPO de la ciudad de Cali hincha del america. No se que piens…
0
@AriDavidPaul 7th inning? Damn we play 20 innings or what?
0
RT @FrezzaLab: C9orf72 regulates energy homeostasis by stabilizing mitochondrial complex I assembly
10
RT @Matador000: Miren este caso en la ciudad de Cali, demostrando que el que pone la plata, pone las condiciones.
25
RT @NichoAlAjillo: Hoy es 4 de febrero. 4 DE FEBRERO Y hay contratistas de la alcaldía de Cali a los que no les han pagado sus cuotas mensu…
6
RT @robertoortizu: 'La Pulla’ espacio de opinión del Diario El Espectador. Opinión basada en argumentos. En este caso tocan la realidad de…
13
RT @PoliciaAduanera: En el centro de #Cali aprehendimos más de 460 mil unidades de confecciones. La mercancía fue hallada tras registro y a…
4
@chef_kendra 3/...prevent a Con Artist like Trump from getting into power or once there changing things so he could…
0
RT @PoliciaAduanera: En el centro de #Cali aprehendimos más de 460 mil unidades de confecciones. La mercancía fue hallada tras registro y a…
4
RT @objetivocerocol: Ayer nos reunimos con @7RiosFest y nos contaron como están los 7 ríos de Cali. Les invitamos un trago de agua ¿Quéres…
10
@ElPetisoArango buena tarde cordial saludo , MARIO OCAMPO de la ciudad de Cali hincha del america. No se que piens…
0
RT @colombia_hist: El Pico de Águila. Cumbre que pertenece al PNN los Farallones de Cali, ubicado en el sector de Pance a 1688 msnm Obser…
10
@villagewitchgf PLEAASE ID LOVE IF IT THEY BROUGHT BOTW OVER TO CALI....PWEASE
0
El alcalde de Cali dice que NO VIO el video, pero SABE que tiene injurias y calumnias. Además de un desastre, es…
670
I knew as soon as they reopened Cali. Ms Trip Dub would start attending Laker gms again 🤣🤣🤣#GoatJames #LakeShow #LakerNation
1068
RT @pinkyfaye: @ALDubFTnQT @elaineRequina2x @wengcookie @FTangco @aurora_umezawa @gluzvilla30 @epcorpuz @5fec93919a544d3 @aldubcgt1 @Jhanel…
7
RT @thegiovannixxx: Finally met up and bottomed for @EseJuven and it was so hot. A Texas sized ass made for big tatted Cali dick. RETWEET f…
585
RT @RussoHockey: #mnwild hoping for no more positives obviously, but even if there are none, I still suspect NHL may postpone Feb. 11 game…
13
RT @miguelAPalta: Atraco en restaurante norte de Cali @PoliciaCali
13
RT @LaPullaOficial: El alcalde de Cali dice que NO VIO el video, pero SABE que tiene injurias y calumnias. Además de un desastre, es un v…
670
RT @pinkyfaye: @ALDubFTnQT @elaineRequina2x @wengcookie @FTangco @aurora_umezawa @gluzvilla30 @epcorpuz @5fec93919a544d3 @aldubcgt1 @Jhanel…
7
RT @GyakutennoMeg: @TIME "There's no collusion between the government, the CEOs, the big tech companies, and the media! That's just a crazy…
94
RT @AMERICASDREAM24: AMAZING! @ThatBrwnEyedGrl @DMcDMuffin @OGJavaB1 @GiaSails @Cali_Cris1 @peterlucky90 @BlueStarUnicorn @AnnBroo32097973…
14
RT @mark_mackillop: When I get the vaccine I wanna visit my frands in Cali 🌴
3
Bez PARSPĪLĒJUMIEM vienkārši ČAĻI, mēs arī tā MĀKAM tiltus un parvadus REMONTĒT... Funny moments from Balkan (SMIJ…
0
RT @ELConservador9: Roy Barreras apoyo a Jorge Ivan Ospina para la alcaldía de Cali. Hoy en día el hijo Roy Alejandro Barreras ocupa un car…
7
RT @pinkyfaye: @ALDubFTnQT @elaineRequina2x @wengcookie @FTangco @aurora_umezawa @gluzvilla30 @epcorpuz @5fec93919a544d3 @aldubcgt1 @Jhanel…
7
RT @yourboyfcisco: Christmas in Cali (@RyderReyy)
675
@FuriaRojaTV Siempre fue confeso hincha del Cali, pero gran profesional, se las metio cada que pudo y los celebro…
0
RT @Ctygarner: @TIME Thanks for admitting the election was rigged. Bravo 👏
42
RT @MelaninMotiv8er: I want to go to the gym but Cali said aht aht
1
De que nos extraña a los caleños la situación de seguridad que se vive en Cali, sí de entrada el secretario de…
0
🎊 @AmericadeCali 94 años.🎊 🥳👏Hoy la DIMAYOR felicita a @AmericadeCali por su cumpleaños #⃣94.👏🥳 🌟¡Felicidades!🌟…
306
Con motivo de sus 94 años, ¿es el América de Cali, por su historia, el más grande de Colombia? Dale RT, si estás d…
936
#NotiMippCI 📰🗞| Canotaje chequeó en Mochima sus nombres rumbo a Tokio y Cali. Lea más ⏩
920
#NotiMippCI 📰🗞| Canotaje chequeó en Mochima sus nombres rumbo a Tokio y Cali. Lea más ⏩
409
"Çalı bile itmiyor kendisine sığınan kuşu, denk geldiğimiz kalplere bak."
0
@cali_josep @ramirezbon @RCD_Mallorca @Safra_21 De que te ries subnormal si no ha dicho ninguna mentira?
0
RT @XMANICAN: Horse cock breeding me in burned Cali valley 🔥.@RealLeonRedd ughhhh 🤤
307
RT @kad_basak: @UcBeyi06 @JAS__QUEEN @yeniden013 @istanbullu_sair @mina412123641 @iloveinsongs @Deniz27gece @cali_supurge @yedibella @ylz68…
2
I have a special gift for Cali Saturday 💕
0
RT @RedsKayla: #Puzzle Me❤
11
RT @la_zulu: Estamos en la ciudad de Cali (donde el domicilio es gratis),pero se realizan envíos a todo el país. El precio varía dependiend…
11
@RedsKayla Que ricura
0
RT @JAS__QUEEN: @yeniden013 @istanbullu_sair @mina412123641 @iloveinsongs @Deniz27gece @cali_supurge @yedibella @ylz6866 @gulo1903Bjk @Hi77…
3
RT @RedsKayla: #Smile It's #TittyTuesday Guys!! #40DDs 🤩😍💋
23
Im heading back to Cali and this lady don’t wanna put her fckin pit Bull up like ma’am what I’m the fckin pet smart is going on here
0
RT @fulvioleonardos: Hoy iniciamos trabajo articulado @AlcaldiaDeCali @DEconomicoCali @EMCALIoficial @ViviendaCali y @ConcejoCali, junto a…
8
RT @blackfemmesoul: This is exactly why women don’t wanna interact with y’all.
288
@RedsKayla Tetotas divinas
0
RT @RicardoPinilla4: Teniendo en cuenta que Agustín Palavecino es irremplazable y que el Deportivo Cali no acudirá al mercado para buscarle…
2
RT @msantapalacios: Tengo buenas noticias para Cali! Hoy junto a @JorgeIvanOspina y @CIEValle instalamos la mesa de reactivación económica…
31
RT @hotswtati: #niputanisanta #cali #hotwife 🤭 Quien por ahi? 😏
28
Going back-to-back in Cali? @JimBowdenGM | @Dodgers | #Dodgers
73
@SeaRaptor this is the first serious winter Texas had in a long time. no wonder the electrical grind is in dire nee…
0
@cali_sandy16 all love buddy HAHA ❤️
0
Flight 2 cali and Washington but I ain’t talking abt vacation 😃
0
@DumpJuju Thanks, Junah! Ikaw ang VP ng CaLi fansclub. 😂❤
0
RT @gliterwrld: valentine’s day in elementary was 10x better than what it is now
21809
RT @Bisimit: Suriye'de terör örgütü YPG'ye Amerika yardımı olarak servis edilen konvoyda İngiliz yapımı "escapade" bir diğer adı ile çalı e…
28
I need somebody in Cali to send the jet fuel please
0
RT @sambrc420: Apoyemos al pana 💪💪 pa los de Cali
1
RT @CheerFessions1: 2021 worlds prediction: Small: SSX small coed: BSB Medium: generals Medium: Cali black ops duhh LAG: senior elite or…
5
@calilovespan @Xenoblivion_ @TheOneOnlyKey Cali, I adore you, but I only use 1 save file for every game regardless…
0
@CryptoCobain cha’mone mother fuckers! 😂
0
HE DID IT AGAIN SOMEONE STOP THIS MAN BEFORE I NUT 💀🤚🏽
0
@kelly__le Cali
0
@RexChapman @mac_salad88 This is why we live in Cali!
0
RT @RicRodriguezFut: Este Miércoles en el partido Vs Cali voy a hacer un concurso entre mis seguidores.. Que prefieren? Gorras♻️ Cuadr…
22
@heehojules I think I still have my cali shirt
0
RT @SuperK_TFB: 2022 Cali DB Clint Stephens (Inglewood HS & Premium) has a previous relationship with former Washington DC & current #HookE…
25
xoxo
0
Santiago de Cali in Valle del Cauca
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Palm Springs & LA ’17
1911
Screen Shot 2017-08-16 at 10.02.40 PM
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8 Super Amazing & Affordable things to do in L.A. with Kids #losangeles #lawithkids #la
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Pinterest: Dazzzday
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22 Reasons Why Southern California Is The Best
13
15 Best Things to Do in Cali (Colombia) - The Crazy Tourist
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cali
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Pacific Coast Highway in CA...my mind is on Cali! So excited for a much needed vacation to Southern Cali!
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25 Surreal Places In Los Angeles You Won't Believe Exist - Narcity #losangeles #lalaland #california #visitcalifornia #discoverla #socal
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San Clemente, CA
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California #California #sanfrancisco #love #beach #westcoast #goldengate @Janay Stanford Court
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Loving: Los Angeles
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My 10 Favorite Things to do in LA | Abbot Kinney Boulevard in Los Angeles
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Photoguide: Los Angeles, California | Sidewalker Daily
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10 Adventures You Can Take Only In Los Angeles by TheCultureTrip.com. Click on the image for the whole list! (image via familytraveller)
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Los Angeles: Expectation vs. Reality
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。☆✼★━━
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The 11 Best Beaches in California
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The Most Beautiful Places In Southern California
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pink aesthetic sunsets sun sunrise sunset set tumblr aesthetic sky cloud clouds beautiful colorful purple orange red yelow nature trees natural ocean skylovers road street streetview summer sea beach palm trees
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california #love #summer
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cali Pinterest Ideas
  • caligraphy alphabet
  • california
  • califlour recipes
  • california travel
  • california aesthetic
  • california outfits
  • caligraphy alphabet beginners
  • caligraphy ideas
Sep 14, 2019 04:29
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Being a Bachelor is hard, but somebody's gotta do it. @robertdowneyjr @charliesheen @vancityreynolds #singlelife #singlelifeproblems #datingsucks #losangeles #la #hollywood #socal #california #cali #californiadream #californiaction #socal #southerncalifornia #orangecounty #lovecalifornia #californiadreaming #californialove #westcoast #postcardsfromaroundtheworld #instalove #instagood #bachelor #thebachelor #bachelorlife #bachelorinparadise #charliesheen #charliesheenwinning
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#cali #losangeles #californiadreaming #hollywood #california
Sep 28, 2020 14:49
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#Fresno #California #SoCal #Cali #WestCoast #StreetArt #Art #Color #Colorful #Tones #Mural #Graffiti #Technique #Design #Style #Paint #InstaArt #Creative #ArtWork #ArtOfTheDay #GraffitiArt #Street #StreetPhotography #Inspiration #UrbanArt #SprayPaint #Artistic #Painting
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#artistic #california #art #street #graffitiart
Oct 5, 2020 14:04
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#420 #amnesia #dnagenetics #187 #cali #weed
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#187 #420 #amnesia #cali #weed
Oct 5, 2020 14:17
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𝗪𝐡𝐚𝐭 𝐢𝐬 𝐲𝐨𝐮𝐫 𝐚𝐜𝐧𝐞/𝐛𝐫𝐞𝐚𝐤𝐨𝐮𝐭𝐬 𝐭𝐫𝐲𝐢𝐧𝐠 𝐭𝐨 𝐭𝐞𝐥𝐥 𝐲𝐨𝐮? ⁣ ⁣ 🍁𝐅𝐨𝐫𝐞𝐡𝐞𝐚𝐝⁣ Forehead breakouts can be caused by a number of issues, including digestive problems, small intestine issues, liver issues, high levels of stress, irregular sleep cycle, poor diets and even reactions to hair products. To combat forehead acne, get at least seven hours of sleep, drink plenty of water to flush out toxins, watch your diet to see if any foods spark breakouts and check if certain facial or hair products are irritating skin. Avoid sugary drinks and foods.⁣ ⁣ 🍁𝐓𝐞𝐦𝐩𝐥𝐞𝐬/𝐄𝐲𝐞𝐛𝐫𝐨𝐰𝐬/𝐁𝐞𝐭𝐰𝐞𝐞𝐧 𝐁𝐫𝐨𝐰𝐬⁣ Acne in the area around the eyes can be due to poor circulation, gallbladder problems or diets too high in fat, processed foods or alcohol. Again, water intake is essential as is watching one’s diet and hygiene practices.⁣ ⁣ 🍁𝐍𝐨𝐬𝐞⁣ Acne on the nose can be due to poor diet, constipation, bloating, gastrointestinal imbalance, indigestion or poor blood circulation. Vitamin B, less seasoned foods and massaging the nose area can alleviate acne there.⁣ ⁣ 🍁𝐂𝐡𝐞𝐞𝐤𝐬⁣ The left cheek can be faced with breakouts due to the lungs, liver issues, overeating, stress, stomach problems, dirty cell phones, dirty pillowcases or dirty makeup brushes. It’s important to keep the skin clean every day, especially if your environment is a polluted one. Frequently change pillowcases and wipe screens of cell phones. Remain relaxed with a normal daily schedule.⁣ ⁣ 🍁𝐌𝐨𝐮𝐭𝐡/𝐋𝐢𝐩 𝐀𝐫𝐞𝐚⁣ Acne here can be caused by constipation, an excess of spicy or fried foods and a reaction to a certain toothpaste. An increased intake of fiber, fruits and vegetables can help skin here.⁣ ⁣ 🍁𝐂𝐡𝐢𝐧⁣ Acne here can be caused by hormonal problems, gynecological issues, kidney imbalance, too frequent hands to skin contact or toothpaste type. Again, rest and water intake helps plenty. You can take omega-3s to keep hormones in balance. Be aware to not rest face in hands, unless hands are thoroughly cleaned.⁣ ⁣ 🍁𝐄𝐚𝐫𝐬⁣ The ears are closely related to the kidneys. If kidneys are not functioning properly or receiving enough nutrients or water, large and persist
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Oct 5, 2020 14:20
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Ya casi estamos listos!! . Espera pronto noticias 🙌🏼🔜. . #fisioterapiadeportiva #fisioterapia #fisioterapeuta #fitnessmotivation #deporteysalud #deporte #cali #colombia
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#colombia #fisioterapia #fisioterapiadeportiva #fisioterapeuta #fitnessmotivation
Oct 5, 2020 14:18
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Do literally whatever makes you happy 🦩 Nov 2014
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Oct 5, 2020 14:19
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Sin importar las circunstancias mantente siempre fuerte💪 . . ¡SÍGUEME! 👉 @jhonduarte1708 . . . . . #ventaonline #mentesmillonarias #emprender #emprendedores #comercioelectronico #negóciosonline #sistematdc #bogotá #medellin #cali #bucaramanga #internet #redessociales #millonarios #trading #bolsadevalores #mercadosfinancieros #inversionistas
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#negóciosonline #internet #ventaonline #comercioelectronico #redessociales
Oct 5, 2020 14:19
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¿Ya tienes el tuyo? 🖤 Son perfectos, para cualquier ocasión.. Disponibilidad de tonos Talla única, sirven para s m Estamos ubicados en Cali Envios nacionales 🇨🇴 Déjanos tu mensaje en WhatsApp 3052351090📱 #bodys #bodysreductores #modacolombiana #colombia #calico #cali
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#bodysreductores #bodys #modacolombiana #calico #colombia
Oct 5, 2020 14:20
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Octubre🎃 #ENVÍOGRATIS 👻 Zapatillas importadas 👟 Pago contra entrega en: 📍 Villavicencio y Zipaquirá 🥳 $140.000 🎃 #Halloween de #envíosgratis Escríbeme al DM o #whatsapp link en BIO 573017412724 ▶️ENVÍOS NACIONALES🇨🇴 ▶️PAGO POR CORRESPONSAL BANCOLOMBIA 💸 ▶️PAGO POR DAVIPLATA ▶️PAGO POR EFECTY Sigue la página por Facebook ▶️ #casualclothesonline🔝 . . . . . . #melgar #cauca #villavicencio #bogota #cali #medellin #bucaramanga #fila #adidas #quedateencasa #yopal #santamarta #pereira #huila #ibague #pasto #armenia #zipaquira #fashionstyle #fashionblogger #relax #mujer #zapatillas #zapatillasfila #fila
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#huila #envíogratis #quedateencasa #zapatillasfila #halloween
Oct 5, 2020 14:20
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🔥⚡️LO MEJOR EN TENIS LO ENCUENTRAS EN MG TENIS⚡️🔥 ===================================== ‼️🇨🇴✈️ENVÍOS A TODO COLOMBIA Y DOMICILIO CONTRA ENTREGA MEDELLÍN✅🚚‼️ ———————————————————————— ⚡️📲PEDIDOS WPP 3044491612 🔥 . #medellín #colombia🇨🇴 #bogota #ropa #moda #unicoyexclusivo #tenis #modamujer #cali #pereiracity #cartagena #maquillaje #zapatos
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#cali #tenis #zapatos #unicoyexclusivo #pereiracity