calico

This hashtag in Japanese

Last updated 17w.

Calico (/ˈkælɪk/; in British usage since 1505) is a plain-woven textile made from unbleached, and often not fully processed, cotton. It may also contain unseparated husk parts. The fabric is far coarser than muslin, but less coarse and thick than canvas or denim. However, it is still very cheap owing to its unfinished and undyed appearance.

The fabric was originally from the city of Calicut in southwestern India. It was made by the traditional weavers called cāliyans. The raw fabric was dyed and printed in bright hues, and calico prints became popular in Europe.

Calico originated in Calicut (from which the name of the textile came) in southwestern India (in present-day Kerala) during the 11th century, where the cloth was known as "chaliyans". It was mentioned in Indian literature by the 12th century when the writer Hēmacandra described calico fabric prints with a lotus design. Calico was woven using Sūrat cotton for both the warp and weft. By the 15th century, calico from Gujǎrāt made its appearance in Egypt. Trade with Europe followed from the 17th century onwards.

In the 18th century, England was famous for its woollen and worsted cloth. That industry, centered in the east and south in towns such as Norwich, jealously protected their product. Cotton processing was tiny: in 1701 only 1,985,868 pounds (900,775 kg) of cottonwool was imported into England, and by 1730 this had fallen to 1,545,472 pounds (701,014 kg). This was due to commercial legislation to protect the woollen industry. Cheap calico prints, imported by the East India Company from Hindustān (India), had become popular. In 1700 an Act of Parliament passed to prevent the importation of dyed or printed calicoes from India, China or Persia. This caused demand to switch to imported grey cloth instead—calico that had not been finished—dyed or printed. These were printed with popular patterns in southern England.[who?] Also, Lancashire businessmen produced grey cloth with linen warp and cotton weft, known as fustian, which they sent to London for finishing. Cottonwool imports recovered though, and by 1720 were almost back to their 1701 levels. Coventry woolen manufacturers claimed that the imports were taking jobs away from their workers. The Woollen, etc., Manufactures Act 1720 was passed, enacting fines against anyone caught wearing printed or stained calico muslins. Neckcloths and fustians were exempted. The Lancashire manufacturers exploited this exemption; coloured cotton weft with linen warp were specifically permitted by the 1736 Manchester Act.

In 1764, 3,870,392 pounds (1,755,580 kg) of cotton-wool were imported. This change in consumption patterns, as a result of the restriction on imported finished goods, was a key part of the process that reduced the Indian economy from sophisticated textile production to the mere supply of raw materials. These events occurred under colonial rule, which started after 1757, and were described by Nehru and also some more recent scholars as "de-industrialization".

Early Indian chintz, that is, glazed calico with a large floral pattern, was primarily produced using painting techniques. Later, the hues were applied by wooden blocks, and the cloth manufacturers in Britain printed calico using wooden block printing. Calico printers at work are depicted in one of the stained glass windows made by Stephen Adam for the Maryhill Burgh Halls, Glasgow. Confusingly, linen and silk printed this way were known as linen calicoes and silk calicoes. Early European calicoes (1680) were cheap plain weave white cotton fabric, or cream or unbleached cotton, with a design block-printed using a single alizarin dye fixed with two mordants, giving a red and black pattern. Polychromatic prints were possible, using two sets of blocks and an additional blue dye. The Indian taste was for dark printed backgrounds, while the European market preferred a pattern on a cream base. As the century progressed the European preference moved from the large chintz patterns to smaller, tighter patterns.

Thomas Bell patented a printing technique in 1783 that used copper rollers. In 1785, Livesey, Hargreaves and Company put the first machine that used this technique into operation in Walton-le-Dale, Lancashire. The production volume for printed cloth in Lancashire in 1750 was estimated at 50,000 pieces of 30 yards (27 m); in 1850, it was 20,000,000 pieces. The commercial method of calico printing using engraved rollers was invented in 1821 in New Mills, Derbyshire, in the United Kingdom. John Potts of Potts, Oliver and Potts used a copper-engraved master to produce rollers to transfer the inks. After 1888, block printing was only used for short-run specialized jobs. After 1880, profits from printing fell due to overcapacity and the firms started to form combines. In the first, three Scottish firms formed the United Turkey Red Co. Ltd in 1897, and the second, in 1899, was the much larger Calico Printers' Association 46 printing concerns and 13 merchants combined, representing 85% of the British printing capacity. Some of this capacity was removed[how?] and in 1901 Calico had 48% of the printing trade. In 1916, they and the other printers formed and joined a trade association, which then set minimum prices for each 'price section' of the industry.[citation needed]

The trade association remained in operation until 1954, when the arrangement was challenged by the government Monopolies Commission. Over the intervening period much trade had been lost overseas.

In the UK, Australia and New Zealand:

In the US:

Printed calico was imported into the United States from Lancashire in the 1780s, and here a linguistic separation occurred. While Europe maintained the word calico for the fabric, in the States it was used to refer to the printed design.

These colorful, small-patterned printed fabrics gave rise to the use of the word calico to describe a cat coat color: "calico cat". The patterned fabric also gave its name to two species of North American crabs; see the calico crab.

Her car was stolen with her cat inside. Here’s how she got her 19-pound calico back.
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Estamos dando una gran noticia a 20 caleños. Sus vehículos que habían sido hurtados fueron recuperados en diferente…
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Calico the only top tier nigha who numbers don’t match his mouth.... and it’s annoying.
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@lustrousksj Imy
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@calico_cat_2012 @kyoyan_o @_mmmr18 一つ覚えってやつですね
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RT @HVRMYL1x8Abf4Kv: 朝一になぜかくさりが切れてて #犬 が脱走したので、#吉野 #川上 もしくは、#鹿児島市 、#鹿児島 で保護してる方いたら連絡よろしくお願いいたします💫 #迷子犬 #迷子犬の掲示板
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RT @iSTAYJN: Rhythm Rhythm Hive Hive 3 mins later
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RT @enhypenfics: who crashed rhythm hive?
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RT @huekangluvs: those 3 fandoms at rhythm hive right now:
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@RhythmHive_twt @i_calico
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@Combat_carL_ @PyropeGarnet 指摘されるの少なくとも二回目ですよ。卓上の空論の頃にも同じようなツイートしてたと思います。
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RT @daysafterastr0: you telling me this man taught a class
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@jon_bois Or Tyrone Calico
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@CIMI_Science Yup, that’s what my brain popped up with.. Calico Bass.
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RT @TheJiminPost: [INFO] Costume artist Alicia Marie participated in Corden’s dance class during BTS’ Carpool Karaoke. She exclusively re…
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@calico_cat_2012 @PyropeGarnet 調べてみます😊
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i wanna be a little calico critter and live here with all my little animal friends
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RT @catsnkittys: Bobtail Calico Cat Has A Very Special Litter Of Kittens This is the story of a very special mama cat with a very special l…
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RT @Tsu_Surf: Niggas just won’t let u have it. 😂😩. Nobody going to a Calico show. Like NOBODY.
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@calico_cat_2012 @PyropeGarnet ありました😅
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RT @foxtail_75: 1950년대 리본을 중앙에 오게끔 만들어서 하늘색에 엄청 귀여운 이 한복들 보임? 예전만도 못해 진짜로
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RT @foxtail_75: 근대 한복들 전시 이름. 전시로 보는 한국 근대사:여성한복,근대를 만나다 "미래 코리아의 역사를 어깨에 짊어질 딸들이여! 꿈을 가져라!"
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ウニャッ
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RT @foxtail_75: 등록문화재 613호 양단아리랑드레스..무려 1950년대에 만들어진 갑사, 양단 소재의 한복드레스 동그랗게 떨어지는 치마라인과 오프숄더 수준으로 파인 넥라인 그리고 귀여운 퍼프스 소매
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RT @foxtail_75: 요즘 전통을 이어가려는 자세가 문물과 재료는 넘쳐나는데 옛날만도 못함 보이나? 보라색 벨벳으로 만들어서 목깃 도톰하게 만들고 리본 크게 만든 이 귀여운 저고리?
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벨벳 저고리 진짜 귀엽다
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RT @msr_kijitora: ❄️🔥Calico到着🔥❄️ ちょっと皆聞いて〜!!聞きな〜! 今日のアタシの外見…ヒメル大先生のプロデュースなんだけど……全てお気に入りすぎる☺️ 化粧中とりさんが横でずっとageてくれてhappy & LOVE ぜひその目で確かめにきて…
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RT @micyu_calico: にゃほにゃほ! 華金calicoに着弾よ~🥟 🙆‍♀お席まだまだご案内できます~️🙆‍♀️ 出勤前にちいとだけ声出ししてきた🎤 まるこさんとバトンタッチ! して、 ~20時までましろ氏と2人でお待ちしてる✊
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RT @PeterAskin1: Lovely calico kitty Hannah 111098 in #NewYork at NYC ACC surrendered because of severe asthma! This sweetheart loves peopl…
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The carer also adopted one of Pancake’s brothers! They have a reputation for being a very cheeky litter. This is Cr…
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RT @foxtail_75: 입다물고 한복 입어주는걸 감사하게 여겨야지 미친놈들 꿍얼꿍얼 지들은 안입으면서 말이 많아요, 한국풍 장르는 자기네들이 기피해서 '한국'에서도 메이저가 아닌데 나와주면 감사합니다~!하고 존나빨아야지 진짜로 이거 너무너무…
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春からの新生活に💕 6点セットで5990円✨ すぐに使える寝具6点セット ふとん用 シングル(i S) 【1年保証】 〔合計金額11000円以上送料無料対象商品〕 #ニトリ  #一人暮らし #寝具
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RT @msr_kijitora: ❄️🔥Calico到着🔥❄️ ちょっと皆聞いて〜!!聞きな〜! 今日のアタシの外見…ヒメル大先生のプロデュースなんだけど……全てお気に入りすぎる☺️ 化粧中とりさんが横でずっとageてくれてhappy & LOVE ぜひその目で確かめにきて…
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RT @maruko_kijitora: Calico15時おぷん! 今日で早開け連勤終わりだ〰︎! ぜんりきでとりくむ🙌🥰💪🏽( ¨̮ 💪🏽) 後でみちゅましくる〰︎🙌🏼 営業は20時まで❣️まっちょります💪( ˙꒳​˙💪)
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RT @micyu_calico: にゃほにゃほ! 華金calicoに着弾よ~🥟 🙆‍♀お席まだまだご案内できます~️🙆‍♀️ 出勤前にちいとだけ声出ししてきた🎤 まるこさんとバトンタッチ! して、 ~20時までましろ氏と2人でお待ちしてる✊
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RT @Rechiewawa: 타임랩수 1분짜리
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あ、反対、無症状者の割合が下がって来てないか?昨日はいつもより少なかった😗
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my biggest girlboss moment was when calico gave me the @himemiyatori url... i'm forever in ur debt
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Calico Norwegian Forest Cat - looks like my little Callie girl. Did you know calico cats are all female?
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Our new kitten has the sweetest face. follow @GalaxyCase to see more cutest animals kids .... and learn way to make #uniqe #personalized #Samsung #Galaxy S4/S5/S6 Note 4/5 Case Cover
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June is Adopt a Cat Month: Training Your New Cat to Stop Scratching Furniture | Animal Behavior and Medicine Blog | Dr. Sophia Yin, DVM, MS
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meow.
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My pretty baby Athena! #cats
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As I talked to fellow calico owners, I noticed every single one of their calico cats was also female. This was surprising to me – was there really no such thing as a male calico cat?
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Calico Cat for Adoption in Nicholasville, Kentucky - Jezebel Jet (the Black Glove Villain) in Nicholasville, Kentucky
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Kkookies: -Her şeye yeniden başlamaya var mısın hyung? ₪ 061017 K.H … #hayrankurgu # Hayran Kurgu # amreading # books # wattpad
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Superbe
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KİLİM DESEN DALGALI AJUR YAPILIŞI (TIĞ İŞİ)
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calico Pinterest Ideas
  • calico cat
  • calico beans
  • calico critters
  • calico beans recipe
  • calico kittens
  • calico critters diy
  • calico beans crockpot
Jul 16, 2020 02:48
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𝑖𝑙𝑙𝑢𝑚𝑖𝑛𝑎𝑡𝑒 𝑒𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑦 𝑚𝑜𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡 𝑜𝑓 𝑦𝑜𝑢𝑟 𝑙𝑖𝑓𝑒, 𝑤𝑖𝑡ℎ 𝑝𝑜𝑠𝑖𝑡𝑖𝑣𝑒 𝑣𝑖𝑏𝑒𝑠! . . Ph: @fabiancardenas07 . . . . . #nakedsouls #boys #calico #nice #love #loveboys #gaylove #lightandshadow #art #instacool #instaboys #youandme #likeforlike #followforfollow #followme #artisticphoto #naturalboy #romanceboys #photoday #instaday
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#love #artisticphoto #instacool #followforfollow #youandme
Jul 16, 2020 02:48
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#sala_de_belleza_sakura🌸 #uñas #nails #colors #eyes #buenosdias #buenosdiasmundo #corazon #goodnight #goodlife #goodbives #ojo #goodnightworld #masglo #calico #stampingnails #creandoarte #art #creative #hechoamano #love #lovenails #lineas #line #loveislove #pride #lgbt #escarcha #blanco #white 👌🏻💪🏼💅🏼☝🏼😍
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#buenosdias #lineas #hechoamano #creandoarte #loveislove
Jul 16, 2020 02:49
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Hermosas camisetas 👚✨ . . . . . . . . . ##stylebyana #calico #cali #modacali #fashion #conjuntosdeportivosdemujer #mujeremprendedora #black #ropamujer👗 #red #black #green #pants #viral #vestidosmujer #purple #tshirt
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#red #viral #modacali ##stylebyana #conjuntosdeportivosdemujer
Jul 16, 2020 02:49
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Day 4 - birdie sounds, breezes, water sounds and comfy spots are all remedies for napping!! #catsofinstagram #catlife #calico #calicocat #calicocats #tortiesofinstagram #tortoise #tortieshell #tortiecats
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#tortoise #calicocats #calicocat #tortieshell #catlife
Jul 16, 2020 02:50
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☄️Espejos de tocador☄️ Vienen en tres estilos: ❤Corazón 🅾️Óvalo 🟠 Círculo Tiene espejo en ambos lados y uno de los lados viene con aumento🔍 💲30.000 • • 📲Info: Realiza tu pedido al Dm📥 o al Link directo de Whatsapp que se encuentra en nuestro perfil🛍 • • • • #makeup #belleza #arte #color #love #elmaquillajenotienegenero #cali #colombia #amor #beautiful #valorar #cuidate #quedateencasa #maquillaje #audryaccesorioss #calico #espejos #tocador #corazon
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#love #elmaquillajenotienegenero #valorar #maquillaje #beautiful
Jul 16, 2020 02:50
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Give me cuddles 🥰. . . . #catsofinstagram #rescuecat #furbaby #cutecat #calico #calicocat #catventures
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#catsofinstagram #rescuecat #catventures #calico #calicocat
Jul 16, 2020 02:50
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Shine ✨🌸🖤 . . . . . . . . . ##stylebyana #calico #cali #modacali #fashion #conjuntosdeportivosdemujer #mujeremprendedora #black #ropamujer👗 #red #black #green #pants #viral #vestidosmujer #purple #shine
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##stylebyana #purple #mujeremprendedora #viral #cali
Jul 16, 2020 02:52
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ACABÓ CON EL COMBO. 😂😂😂😂😂😂😂. ¡ETIQUETA! #cali #calico #vine #viral #colombia #medellin #humor #comedia #mujeres #amigos #palmira #valle
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#comedia #cali #viral #colombia #humor
Jul 16, 2020 02:51
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Chief Box Inspector Lula Belle is on the case again. . . . #calico #calicocat #greeneyedcat #catstyle #catsofinstagram #dilutedcalico  #catsofig #catlife #catmaster #catprincess #catstagram #catoftheday #domesticmediumhair #cat #cats #mycat #cutecat #preciouscat #tricolorcat #tricolorcats #tricolorcatsofinstagram #calicosofinstagram  #calicocatsofinstagram #catphotos #lulabellethecalicocat #meowdel #boxinspector #catinabox
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#cat #tricolorcatsofinstagram #cutecat #catphotos #catsofig
Jul 16, 2020 02:51
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Unas pestañas bonitas y cuidadas pueden ser la clave para que un rostro cambie su expresión y refleje una gran belleza. . . . #pestañas #lifting #liftingdepestañas #miradas #pestañasbiencuidadas #alargarpestañas #calico #colombia #centrobellissimas
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#calico #liftingdepestañas #lifting #colombia #pestañasbiencuidadas